- The Liver
Females are more likely to develop liver cirrhosis after a shorter period of drinking than males.
- Depression and Feeling Down
The most common reason why women start to drink is stress at work or dissatisfaction in their family life (small child, exhaustion, loneliness). It’s like a vicious cycle – feeling down initiates a wish to drink, leading to a hangover, which causes you to feel down. And it starts all over. Therefore, if you wake up hungover every day, the best thing you can do is to stick to a healthy lifestyle and do sports.
- Sleep Disorder
On the one hand, alcohol seems to accelerate falling asleep. However, even in small doses, it interferes with the final stage of the sleep cycle. Therefore, after having woken up after drinking alcohol, you will feel tired and down more often than well rested.
Drinking alcohol increases the risk of infertility. This applies not only to females who consume large quantities of alcohol, but also to those who use it moderately. Drinking alcohol can interfere with the ovulation cycle, increase the risk of a miscarriage, and cause early menopause. Drinking alcohol during pregnancy endangers the fetus’s health. For more details see the section for female pregnancy.
- Heart and Blood Circulation
After drinking alcohol, small blood vessels (capillaries) expand, increasing the probability of having a red face. When consuming alcohol regularly, the expansion of the skin’s small blood vessels remains permanently and can become visible on the skin. Under the influence of alcohol, the heart rate and oxygen consumption in the heart muscle increase and chronic metabolic disorders in the heart muscle cells may occur. After a prolonged use of alcohol, due to irreversible changes in the heart muscle, heart pain, shortness of breath while working, rapid heartbeat, and heart rhythm disturbances occur. Alcohol consumption increases blood pressure, which further harms the heart.
- Respiratory Organs
Drinking alcohol causes changes in the throat, trachea, bronchi, and lungs. There is an increased risk of developing tuberculosis. After drinking alcohol, hoarseness and coughing may develop, as well as bronchitis, or even pneumonia. This may also be accompanied by dyspnoea, which will be particularly detrimental during exercise.
- Gastrointestinal Tract
Alcohol toxicity has the fastest effect on the gastrointestinal mucosa, it can cause inflammation of the oral cavity, throat and oesophagus mucosa. Alcohol consumption is a contributing factor to gastritis, small intestine inflammation, or cancer.
Drinking more than two or three drinks per day increases the risk of oesophageal, throat, laryngeal, and colorectal cancer.
As the result of alcohol consumption, the skin may lose flexibility, resulting in wrinkles and the skin appears grey.
- Personal Security
Latvia does not centralize statistics on violence against women. But global practice has shown that being under the influence of alcohol increases the risk of becoming a victim of crime. For example, a UK government study found that 81% of women who suffered from sexual abuse were under the influence of alcohol.